Turmeric is one of the species of genus Curcuma. Out of total thirty five species present, turmeric or halad (Curcuma longa ) is the most famous member of genus Curcuma. The species is native to tropical regions of South East Asia. It has been used for thousands of year in India as a spice and healing agent. It has an important role in ancient medicine system – Ayurveda.
Composition of turmeric can vary slightly based on region it is grown. A typical Indian turmeric has the following composition: Moisture – 3.1 % Protein – 6.3% Fat – 5.1% Mineral matter – 3.5% Fibre – 2.6% Carbohydrates – 69.4%