Conventionally, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to treat inflammation and pain.
However, turmeric and its active ingredient curcumin are natural and very useful anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents.
Turmeric and NSAIDs have a similar working mechanism.
Turmeric can also alleviate the side effects of these medicines. Dietary intake of turmeric is safe if you are taking NSAIDs.
However, some studies report a possible interaction between turmeric and NSAIDs. Thus, when taking turmeric or curcumin supplements together with NSAIDs, it is recommended to maintain a gap of 3-4 hours.
Is it safe to take Turmeric with NSAIDs?
Let us have a scientific outlook on these facts.
1. Turmeric is a natural anti-inflammatory agent
Numerous publications have reported turmeric and curcumin as potent inhibitors of inflammation, which has proved its potential to be utilized in treating several anti-inflammatory disorders.
Turmeric carries out its anti-inflammatory effects by various mechanisms. It inhibits the following mediators of inflammation:
- Transcription factors: Nuclear Factor kappa-B (NF κ-B)
- Enzymes: Lipoxygenase and cycloxygenase (COX-I and COX-II enzymes)
- Cytokines: Interleukins and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)
Turmeric’s inhibition of the cyclooxygenase enzymes is similar to the primary working mechanism of most NSAIDs.
Some studies have also shown turmeric to be as effective as commonly used NSAIDs in reducing inflammation and pain.
Thus, it can be said that turmeric can be used as a supplement or adjuvant in treating inflammation together with NSAIDs.
2. Turmeric is better than some NSAIDs
In some cases, turmeric may prove to be much more efficient than some commonly used NSAIDs.
As compared to one such drug, indomethacin, which is used to treat arthritis, turmeric was found to be more productive in reducing inflammation, pain and other symptoms and complications associated with arthritis.
Also, in case of inflammation in Alzheimer’s disease, NSAIDs can reduce inflammation, but do not slow the progression of the disease.
On the contrary, turmeric and curcumin, in addition to treating inflammation, can improve cognition and show neuroprotective aspects, which can slow down disease progression. Thus, they can be more beneficial than NSAIDs.
While the use of NSAIDs is linked to the occurrence of several adverse effects on health, turmeric is safe and does not pose the risk of severe side effects. It is considered safe even in high doses of about 8g per day.
Read: Ideal Turmeric Dosage
Several studies have stated the safety of turmeric over the use of NSAIDs.
This makes turmeric, a better candidate than NSAIDs for treating inflammation and pain.
3. Turmeric alleviates the side effects of NSAIDs
Turmeric is known to have gastroprotective effects.
Thus, use of turmeric along with NSAIDs may result in reduced side effects.
4. Turmeric may interact with NSAIDs
As per other research, turmeric use with certain NSAIDs may result in synergistic effects and an increased therapeutic action.
In one clinical trial conducted on 44 osteoarthritis patients, turmeric, when taken with diclofenac, resulted in better pain management and improved quality of life as compared to treatment with diclofenac alone.
Also, no adverse effects were reported when the two were given together to the patients. Turmeric was seen as a potential adjuvant to diclofenac treatment in osteoarthritis.
Some studies have also reported a possible interaction between turmeric and NSAIDs.
NSAIDs, when taken with herbs having anti-platelet activity, may enhance the risk of bleeding.
As the use of NSAIDs itself poses a risk of intestinal bleeding as a side effect, concomitant use with turmeric may elevate this adverse effect (no human study proves this though).
Thus, if one is taking turmeric or curcumin supplements with NSAIDs, it is better to keep a gap of 3-4 hours between their intakes to avoid unwanted interactions. However, if taking turmeric in diet, this amount is unlikely to have any significant effects.
Also, it is advised to consult a medical professional before including any herbal supplement in diet, especially if on medications and determine the appropriate dosage.
How to Take Turmeric?
There are 3 ways one can get benefits from turmeric –
Raw Turmeric – One of the best ways to get benefits of this miracle herb. Just include into the diet in anyways you like!
Powder Turmeric – This is the most popular way, primarily as raw turmeric is not available all the time and difficult to store. Best way to take turmeric powder is by making Golden Paste (check recipe here)
Do you take turmeric for pain and inflammation? Share your feedback on the use of turmeric!